History of Cambodia

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Kambuja

Indian or indianised civilization in the area of modern Cambodia.

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50 – 625

Funan Kingdom

The first major Southeast Asian civilization. The capital, Vyadhapura, was in the east of modern Cambodia in Ba Phnum, Prey Veng.The civilization stretched all Cambodia and into modern day Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam.Archeological remains can be found south of Phnom Penh in Angkor Borei.

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625 – 802

Chenla Kingdom

Chenla was a vassal state until year 550, but would now become independent. In 625 King Ishanavarman of Chenla Kingdom conquered the Funan Kingdom which would then be annexed. Disputes in the early 700s divided the Chenla Kingdom into Upper Chenla and Lower Chenla (Land Chenla and Water Chenla).

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802 – 1431

Khmer Empire

During 8th century, Water Chenla suffered repeated attacks from Java, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula and would fall into a vassal state of Java. In 790 the king of Water Chenla was killed leading to a power vacuum.The king of a small Khmer state north of the Mekong Delta, Jayavarman II, proclaimed himself a God-King through Hinda rituals involving worship of Shiva, the kind of gods.

Khmer Empire

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1431 – 1863

Dark Ages

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1863 – 1953

French Protectorate

In the late stage evolved into what would more respectively be categorized as a colony.

French Protectorate

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1953 – 1970

Sihanouk Administration

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1970 – 1975

Khmer Republic

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1975 – 1979

Democratic Kampuchea

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1979 – 1993

Vietnamese Occupation

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1993 –

Modern Cambodia

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